What is the Syllabus for UPSC Prelims?

As UPSC is the most difficult exam held in India, it also ranks number two in difficulty range in the world. In order to prepare for this exam, we need to have complete knowledge of the UPSC Syllabus.  Without a complete understanding of the syllabus, it is impossible to clear the exam. So, knowing the same and working with complete dedication will give you the expected result. Let’s explore the UPSC prelims syllabus now.

UPSC Prelims Syllabus

To apply for the UPSC Mains, we must qualify for the UPSC prelims. After clearing the main exam, you have to go under the interview round, where maximum people are filtered out. After the interview, the medical test is conducted, and thus the posting takes the place of the selected candidates. So, now let’s discuss the UPSC Prelims Syllabus. The prelims are held to select only deserving candidates. It is the first level of screening.

Current Affairs 

In the UPSC, the question of current affairs has increased in the past few years. Questions from the area like politics of the current world are also included. Questions are mainly related to the areas such as current issues and some of the topics in the news. The main point of attraction in the UPSC prelims syllabus is topics like Indian Economy and Environment. Here’s a list for the preparation of the current affairs

  • The Indian Express and The Hindu newspaper 
  • Press Information Bureau Releases 
  • And some of the most famous magazines

Indian History and National Movement 

This is another major part covered in the UPSC syllabus. The question will be on-topic, like the History of India and the Indian National moments. So, if you want to get qualified for the Mains, you should be very clear with these topics. Indian History consists of the following parts.

  • Ancient History of India
  • Medieval History of India
  • Modern History is also the National Moments 

The topic which is important from ancient History and medieval History are art, culture, and architecture. Although it is not directly mentioned in the syllabus, it is very important because many previous questions have been asked from those sections.

Indian and world Geography 

The syllabus for the geography section includes the parts such as physical, social, and economic geography of India and the world. Similarly, the topic of Indian History and national moments are important. This is also a vast topic and is equally important too. Geography is an optional subject for the IAS mains. Here are the points which have been included in the Geography part 

Indian Geography

In this topic, we need a complete idea about the location, latitude, longitude, and time zones. We should keep in mind the names of the neighbouring countries and should also be aware of the Indian states. 

  • Physical features of the country
  • The river system of the country 
  • The climate of India 
  • Mineral resources and the industries 
  • Agriculture and the problems faced by the people by doing it
  • Natural vegetation 
  • Human Geography and 
  • The economic state of the country 

Indian Polity and the system of Governance 

The UPSC syllabus, which has been included in this part, is related to the political system, panchayat raj, public policies, and all the related things. Political things are changing very fast, so make sure that you are updated all the time. 

Indian Economy 

This is another important part of the UPSC prelims, which is covered in the previous year’s question. So, make sure that you have a brief knowledge about it. 

General Science

However, one should not spend much time on this topic. Just read some good general science books, and you are good to go.


In this article, we have gone through the UPSC prelims syllabus. For better performance in the prelims, you should ensure that you work on all the above-mentioned topics or visit the BYJUS exam prep website.