Cardiac arrest is a dangerous medical condition and can often prove fatal. The condition is related to the heart and occurs when the vital organ stops beating. Cardiac arrest is caused due to a change or malfunction in the electrical impulses controlling the heart, leading to arrhythmia, which is an irregular heartbeat.
Like many other medical issues, cardiac arrest also exhibits certain signs and symptoms. However, cardiac arrest occurs suddenly and without any prior warning making it one of the most dangerous medical conditions. If a person is experiencing cardiac arrest and immediate medical care is not given on time, it can lead to the patient’s death. So to prevent any eventuality from occurring, it is necessary to be aware of the signs and symptoms of this medical condition.
Knowing the signs and symptoms will help you provide immediate medical care and bring the patient to the hospital on time. Max Healthcare is one of the leading hospital chains in the country. Hospitals like BLK-Max, Max Hospital India, Nanavati Max Hospital, etc., are reputed for their superior medical infrastructure and advanced technologies. The hospitals employ the best doctors who have a wide experience in treating cardiac arrest conditions.
What causes cardiac arrest?
Cardiac arrest usually occurs when the heart’s electrical system fails to perform to its full potential. The electrical system is vital as it controls the heartbeat’s rate and rhythm. If the electrical system experiences issues, the person’s heart may start beating fast or slow. This can cause a sudden cardiac arrest. Though anyone can suffer cardiac arrest, people with heart conditions are more susceptible to the ailment. Some heart conditions that can be responsible for a cardiac arrest include:
- Congenital heart disease
- Issues in the heart’s electrical system
- Enlarged heart
- Heart attack
- Coronary artery disease
- Valvular heart disease
People suffering from any of the issues mentioned above should be cautious and keep in touch with their doctor at a leading hospital like Max Healthcare.
Cardiac arrest treatment
In a cardiac arrest, immediate medical attention should be given to the patient. Some ways to treat cardiac arrest and prevent fatality include:
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR): If an individual has a sudden cardiac arrest, you should immediately do CPR. This is an effective technique and can help save a person’s life. However, if you are unsure of how to perform CPR, you should seek medical help. In the meantime, provide chest compressions at 100 to 120 per minute. Do this till the arrival of medical help.
Defibrillation is another way to treat cardiac arrest. In this procedure, electric shocks are given to the heart, enabling it to return to its normal rhythm.
Some other treatments that your doctor might suggest to prevent the cardiac arrest from occurring in the future include:
- Changes in diet
Before prescribing treatment for cardiac arrest, the doctor will diagnose the cause of the medical condition. Some techniques that may determine the cause and the best possible treatment include:
Blood tests to determine the levels of magnesium and potassium.
Chest X-ray to analyse any signs of cardiac arrest.
Signs and symptoms of cardiac arrest
There are numerous signs and symptoms associated with cardiac arrest. If you find any of these symptoms, immediately contact a good doctor at Max Hospital India, BLK-Max, or any other hospitals. Some symptoms that you need to watch out for include:
- The patient has no pulse
- Loses consciousness
- Collapses suddenly
- Experiences blackouts
- There is no breathing
- Chest pain
- Difficulty in breathing
Risk factors for a cardiac arrest
The heart’s electrical system malfunctioning is a vital cause of sudden cardiac arrest. However, certain other issues involved are unhealthy lifestyle, diet and habits. Mentioned below are some risk factors for a cardiac arrest.
- A sentry lifestyle
- High blood pressure
- High cholesterol
Cardiac arrest is lethal. That is why it is necessary to get immediate medical help within a few minutes of cardiac arrest treatment. Any delay can be deadly for the patient. But you can also play your part in preventing the occurrence of cardiac arrest by leading an active lifestyle, having a healthy diet, avoiding habits that are harmful to the body like smoking and alcohol and exercising regularly. It is also vital to get your heart checked regularly at a hospital. This will enable the doctors to monitor the condition of your heart and check any signs and symptoms that may lead to a cardiac arrest.
If you are experiencing any symptoms of a cardiac arrest, get in touch with a doctor at Max Healthcare.