Productive Tomato Farming Process in India With Guidance

Tomato is one such vegetable most commonly used after potato and onion. Tomato is used in all kinds of vegetables and is also the most eaten vegetable in the world. Besides vegetables, it is also used in salads and can be eaten like this. Tomato crops can be done in any season of the year. Tomatoes are also cultivated for commercial use. 

Suitable Soil 

For tomato cultivation, it is necessary to have suitable soil (loamy soil) with drainage. In addition to loam soil, its cultivation can also be done quickly on the grounds. But there must be a proper amount of nutrients in the earth and the pH of the soil. The value should also be between 6-7. Moreover, the Massey 9500 tractor model is suitable for every farming task. 

Cultivating such land where there is more water logging is not appropriate because many diseases occur in the crop due to the stagnant water in such places. Furthermore, tomato plants are close to the ground; if the soil is filled with water, their fruits also get spoiled. Therefore it is also necessary to have suitable land.

Climate & Temperature

Tomato cultivation does not require any unique land and any particular climate. Its cultivation can be done at any place. But the dew that falls during the winter is harmful for its cultivation. Ideal weather is best suited for this.

Temperature is critical in tomato cultivation because the temperature of 20 -25 degrees for tomato seeds to germinate is generally considered suitable for plant growth. However, if the temperature exceeds 38 degrees, fruit and flowers may fall, and tomatoes require about 21-24 degrees to get red.

Method of Ploughing

For tomato cultivation, it is necessary to plough that field well. First, destroy the remnants of the earlier crop, for which two to three slant ploughing of the area should be done after that, leave that field like this for a few days. After this, add cow dung manure, plough it well, and mix the soil.

The tomato crop is good in friable soil. To make the earth friable, leave the field filled with water. Then after a few days, it should be ploughed so that the earthen lumps in the soil break and turn into friable soil. After which, prepare the maid to plant tomato plants in the field. After this, plant a tomato crop in it.

Preparing Plants 

Instead of growing tomato seeds directly in the field, they are first prepared in the nursery. If the plants are of the ordinary variety, then 400 to 500 grams of seeds are required per hectare, and if there are hybrid varieties, then 250 to 300 grams of seeds are sufficient. Moreover, for plant preparation the Eicher 380 tractor model is excellent. 

Prepare appropriate-sized beds for growing the seeds. After this, mix the cow dung manure well in those beds. Also, treat the soil with an appropriate amount of carbofuran. By doing this, the plants can be saved from getting diseased.

Fertiliser 

Nutrients are more needed in the cultivation of tomatoes, so if you want a good yield of tomatoes, then definitely give the right amount of fertiliser in the field at the right time. For this, at the time of ploughing before cultivation, put 20 to 25 carts of cow dung manure in area two to three weeks before and mix it properly in the soil.

Besides cow dung manure, chemical fertilisers are essential for tomato cultivation. At the time of the last ploughing of the field, 80 kg nitrogen, 50 kg potash and phosphorus, 60 kg per hectare should be sprayed. Then after 5 weeks, 20 kilograms of nitrogen should be given at the time of irrigation of plants. Then after one month, once again, rinse the field with 20 kg nitrogen.

Irrigation

Irrigation of the field and planting saplings in the area are considered appropriate. Moisture should be maintained in the field till the plant germinates. Dead plants should be pulled out once they have grown.

If the crop is of the summer season, it should be watered between 3 to 4 days a week, and if the crop is of the winter season, then water should be given to it once a week so that moisture remains in it. When the flowers come out of the plant, keep the amount of water ordinary so that the flower does not get spoiled. When the plant starts producing fruits, the water should be increased so the crop grows well. 

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